They are raised on the mountains, savannas and pastures of the Andean altiplano in Peru at heights between 3500 and 5000 meters. The Alpaca has developed a unique coat whose cell structure is similar to human hair.
Unlike wool and cashmere, Alpaca hair is hollow which allows the air trapped inside to expand and contract with temperature variations, they can withstand variations ranging from 30ºC during the day to -20 °C at night. Moreover, it is estimated that more than 4 million Alpacas live in South America and 90% come from the southern Peru.
This precious fibre is used by top designers worldwide.
As with most fibres, it is graded on its micron count (or fineness) before being spun into yarn, being its grade 20 – 22.9 microns.
The silky alpaca fibre is hypoallergenic, resists solar radiation and is usually very long-life material being a key for environmental care.
One of the most valued fibres worldwide is the Pima Cotton, a variety that is grown along the northern coastal valleys of Peru where the ideal temperature and perfect atmospheric conditions produce a cotton of exceptional lustre and softness.
The long staple length of Pima Cotton (approximately 3.5 centimetres nearly twice as long as ordinary cotton) results in a fabric which is highly durable (up to 50% more resistant than other standard varieties of cotton), exceptionally soft and smooth and resistant to pilling.
These properties give the garments characteristics of durability and flexibility making it a perfect fabric to be worn next to the skin even for those with sensitive skin because it is hypoallergenic and processed without using of harmful chemicals.